Welcome to the Clark Lab website. We study protein evolution using caspases as a model system. Caspases are integral proteases in cell development and in programmed cell death (apoptosis). The dysregulation of apoptosis is observed in a number of human diseases, from autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes), to neurodegenerative diseases, to cancer.
About 2.5 million deaths are registered in the US each year (www.cdc.gov). Heart disease and cancer account for about half of the deaths. The impact of chronic diseases (heart disease, stroke, diabetes, Alzheimer) on healthcare costs approaches $750 billion per year. Anticancer drugs are effective at inducing apoptosis by a variety of mechanisms because cancer cells are known to evade pro-apoptotic signals when compared to normal cells. Our goal is to understand how unique characteristics of caspase enzymes evolved to provide discrete cellular functions and how the enzymes are regulated under normal versus aberrant cellular conditions. Specific projects are described on the Research page.
It’s in the Syllabus
Welcome to the new freshman class and transfer students. Here are a few suggestions to make your college career successful. My list is not based on surveys or other scientific methods. Rather, I’ve noticed that students who are successful at University develop some or all of the following habits.
7 Habits of Successful Students:
1. Don’t Panic – The faculty and staff can help you solve your problems.
2. Pay Close Attention to:
- Syllabus – Many of the answers are posted in many places and in many ways.
- Course Calendar – a quick way to see when assignments are due.
- Announcements made in class and posted on the course page.
- Exam Schedule – Be prepared and on time. Don’t wait until the day before the exam to study the course materials.
Dr. Bob Grinshpon developed the CaspBase, a curated database with over 2,000 sequences of caspase proteins from over 360 taxa. Bob’s paper describing the database is now in press at Protein Science and is titled: The CaspBase: A curated database for evolutionary biochemical studies of caspase functional divergence and ancestral sequence inference.
Using data from the CaspBase, we describe the utility of the database by analyzing levels of sequence conservation among caspase homologs, and we discuss how the CaspBase lends itself to evolutionary biochemistry and ancestral protein reconstruction (APR) analysis of common caspase ancestral proteins.
The database is available at CaspBase.org
Melvin’s recent JBC paper was the subject of this recent interview in ASBMB Today. Melvin showed that an evolutionarily conserved phosphorylation site in caspases uses a common allosteric network to decrease the activity of caspase-3. A mutation in mammalian caspase-3 introduces a kill-switch into the enzyme so that it is turned off when the site is phosphorylated.
Melvin’s paper was published recently in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
I’ve been remiss in updating news on this site. I’m pleased to say that three members of the lab have graduated with PhD. Dr. Joseph Maciag, Dr. Melvin Thomas, and, most recently, Dr. Robert (Bob) Grinshpon. Congratulations to Joe, Melvin, and Bob, and thanks for the work they put into helping the lab move from North Carolina to Texas. Check out the Publications page to read their papers.
Dr. Joseph Maciag
Joe is now a post-doc at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital
Dr. Melvin Thomas III
Melvin is now a post-doc at St. Jude
Dr. Robert (Bob) Grinshpon
Bob will be looking for opportunities in industry after a tour of Europe
I recently attended an Indo-US conference on enzymes in Navi Mumbai, India (http://www.enzymes2017.in/) (Advances in Enzymology: Implications in Health, Disease and Therapeutics). One goal of the Indo-US conference is to highlight research in India to US scientists. This particular conference was held at ACTREC (Advanced Center for Treatment, Research, and Education in Cancer: http://www.actrec.gov.in/), and we learned about the fantastic research projects and facilities in India. We also learned more about Indian culture through various cultural festivities and excursions to Colaba in Mumbai (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colaba). After the conference concluded, we had the opportunity to visit the Kanha National Park and tiger reserve (http://www.kanhanationalpark.com/). The views were spectacular. The images and video below show flora and fauna of the park.
We consider that diversity is one of the major strengths of the Biology department. The community of faculty, staff, and students is inclusive and welcoming to everyone, regardless of nationality, race, religion, sexual orientation, or gender identity. We are committed to maintaining our diversity and fostering a supportive, collegial, and collaborative environment where everyone recognizes their importance as part of our team. We understand that our international students could have chosen to attend graduate programs anywhere in the world, but they chose to move here to UTA. We want to affirm that we stand with them in this time of uncertainty, and we will help in any way that we can to assist them in navigating the new policies. Our doors are always open to hear your concerns.
Clay Clark, Professor and Chair
Laura Mydlarz, Associate Professor and Associate Chair